The planning and operation of today’s energy systems typically do not take the interaction or interdependence of infrastructures into account. For example if one considers infrastructures for energy transportation such as electrical, gas, and district heating networks, it is questionable if
their independent planning and operation effectively allow for the efficient utilisation of available energy assets. Combining different energy infrastructures can increase the overall efficiency and reliability of the interconnected systems.
Furthermore, nowadays interdependencies between the electrical and transportation infrastructure exists only because of the railway system. However, the penetration of plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles is expected to increase creating a further and potentially critical interconnection to the transportation network. Modelling, analysis, design and optimisation of such infrastructure interdependencies is one of the major competence areas of FEN.